pleiades greek mythology

According to Greek mythology, the Pleiades were daughters of Atlas, the titan commanded by Zeus to hold up the earth, and the oceanid nymph Pleione, protectress of sailors. Called seven, they are usually six, wither because six of them entered a god's embrace--for they say that Sterope lay with Mars [Ares], Alcyone and you, fair Celaeno, with Neptunus [Poseidon], Maia, Electra, Taygete with Jove [Zeus]--the seventh, Merope, wed you, mortal Sisyphus, she regrets it, and hides alone in shame, or because Electra could not bear the spectacle of Troy's fall and blocked her eyes with her hands. 356 ff : "With such torrents do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm the earth of Pleiades dissolved in rain. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : The Pleiades were seven sisters - Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. She was the sister of Iphigenia and Chrysothemis, as well as Orestes, with whom they planned the murder of their mother and her lover Aegisthus, seeking revenge for the murder of their father.. : Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. [N.B. "Two portions of her course had kindly night well-nigh passed, and the seven stars [i.e. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. Seven Starry Sisters ], Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. T… ", Ovid, Fasti 5. According to some versions of the tale, all seven sisters committed suicide because they were so saddened by either the fa… Thu… Because they grieved exceedingly at his death, they are called Hyades. "], Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. in honour of his mother and her sisters]. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? "But when the Pleiades and Hyades and strong Oarion (Orion) begin to set [i.e. : Atlas fathered her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called the heavenly Peleiades (Doves). Fab. … ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. : . The setting of the Pleiades in November marked the beginning of the stormy season. to C1st A.D.) : at the end of October], then remember to plough in season. 491d) (trans. One myth recounts that "The [constellation] Pleiades, all in a cluster, but small is the space that holds them and singly they dimly shine. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Georgics 1. One of the most memorable myths involving the Pleiades is the story of how these sisters literally became stars, their catasterism. Orthria is Eos goddess of the dawn or Artemis as the goddess of morning twilight. Their parents were Pleione and Atlas who was condemned by Zeus to support the Heavens on his shoulders. 187 ff (trans. 330 ff (trans. ", Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. Il. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : [N.B. . Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. Orion became a constellation, too, and continued to pursue the sisters across the sky. ", Strabo, Geography 8. Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who, as many say, was the father of Bellerophon. . "When the Pleiades Atlagenes (Born of Atlas) are rising [early May], begin your harvest, and your ploughing when they are going to set [November]. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 (trans. Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades Mythology. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. ", Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. 304 ff : ii. Arat. The Pleiades were the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. The Seven Pleiades in Greek Mythology and Legends: Names of the Seven Pleiades in Greek Mythology: The Pleiades - Star cluster in the Constellation of Taurus The high visibility of the open star cluster Pleiades in the night sky has guaranteed it a special place in many cultures. : Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : The Pleiades, in Greek mythology, are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (named Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno, Taygeta, Maia, and Asterope). Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Pleiades. Still riseth up in sight of toil-worn men their bright troop in the skies; but she alone hides viewless ever, since the hallowed town [Troy] of her son Dardanos in ruin fell. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). to C1st A.D.) : "My [Niobe's] mother [Dione] ranks as sister of the Pleiades. 545 ff : ", Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. : Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. According to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades were seven sisters. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. Some call the seventh Sterope, and relate that she became invisible from shame, because she alone among her sister… Zeus also slept with the other Atlantides [Pleiades]. : Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff (trans. For my house if far from my father's; no Sterope is near me, no Maia my companion, nor sister Kelaino (Celaeno) beside me at my hearth; I have not danced up and down sister Taygete's Lakedaimon (Lacedaemon) at my breast nor held the merry boy on my cherishing arm; I do not see Alkyone's (Alcyone's) house hard by, or hear Merope herself speak some heart-warming word! i. . In Greek, the word "pleiades" means "doves." Titan one of a family of giants who ruled the earth until overthrown by the Greek gods of Olympus ", Ovid, Heroides 18. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) Our writers call these stars Vergiliae, because they rise after spring. However, in mythology the name was used for the Pleiades, seven divine sisters, the name supposedly deriving from that of their mother Pleioneand effectively meaning "daughters of Pleione". Campbell, Vol. to C1st A.D.) : The Pleiades are seven nymphs in Greek mythology, and companions of Artemis.They were the seven daughters of Atlas and the nymph Pleione.They were all born on Mount Cyllene, which is in Arcadia.. Many legends of cultural anthropology around the world are concerned with the Pleiades. "[Hermes addresses his aunt the Pleiad Elektra (Electra) :] ‘Good be with you, my mother's sister [Maia], bed-fellow of Zeus! ad Theocrit. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) Greek Mythology. In the mountains of Kyllene (Cyllene) she [Maia] bare Hermes, the herald of the gods.’", Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. ; Elektra, who was the mother of Dardanus and Iasion by Zeus. [N.B. 21; Schol. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. [N.B. 491A) (trans. One myth recounts that they all killed themselves out of grief over the death of their sisters, the Hyades. Peleiades is the Greek word for "doves"--the maidens are called "wingless" because they are not actually birds. . . Forty nights and days they are hidden and appear again as the year moves round, when first you sharpen your sickle. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. 3. "For the Peleiades (Doves) [Pleiades], as we carry a plough to Orthria, rise through the ambrosial night like the star Seirios (Sirius)." 21 : Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope.The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. . Another explains that after seven years of being pursued by Orion, a Boeotian giant, they were turned into stars by Zeus. When they were pursued by the lustful giant Orion, Zeus placed them amongst the stars as the constellation Pleiades. The Pleiades are said to have made away with themselves from grief at the death of their sisters, the Hyades, or at the fate of their father, Atlas, and were afterwards placed as stars at the back of Taurus, where they form a cluster resembling a bunch of grapes, whence they were sometimes called botrus (Eustath. The Pleiades (1885) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder The Pleiades ( / ˈ p l aɪ . they rise into the heavens]. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. [N.B. Pleiades… 19 (trans. ", Seneca, Troades 438 ff : Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. "And they who bear the name of Atlas' daughters (Atlantides) [the Pleiades] seven oft bewailed their sire's supremest labour of sustaining heaven, where as wingless Peleiades they have the form of phantoms of the night." Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Ovid, Heroides 18. The rest of the sisters, later dying from grief, were made stars, and because they were many, were called Pleiades. The two lower planes, the ‘mental physical’ and the ‘mental vital’, are represented by Alcyone and Celaeno, both of whom united with Poseidon. Before her went her Pleiades-harbingers, then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, and, scattering spray of splendour, flashed there-through. The Pleiad Elektra was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and so in a round-about way his ancestress. The cluster consists of some 500 stars, has a diameter of 35 light-years, and is 400 light-years distant from the earth. again towards the end of October] to escape Oarion's (Orion's) rude strength, then truly gales of all kinds rage. 80. Nem. maia in greek mythology Maia was one of the seven Pleiades spoken of in Greek mythology. They were the sisters of the Hyades, and seven in number, six of whom are described as visible, and the seventh as invisible. The son was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and the sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief. [1.2] ATLAS & PLEIONE (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79) : Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. Maia, who was the eldest.She was the mother of Hermes by Zeus. The Pleiades eventually formed a constellation. Greek Lyric II) (C7th B.C.) For forty nights and days they are hidden, but appear again as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened. : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. 7 (trans. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As stars they are named "phantoms of the night. "[After the death of Eos' son Memnon :] Nor Eos (the Dawn-Queen) forgat her daily course . The Pleiades are a cluster of hundreds of stars . In Greek mythology, the Pleiads were the seven daughters of Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, protectress of sailing. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Strabo, Geography 8. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : They have still greater honour than the others, too, because their rising is a sign of summer, their setting of winter--a thing is not true of the other constellations. Of these, Oinomaus (Oenomaus) married Sterope, and Sisyphos married Merope. The stars called PLEIADES in the constellation of Taurus commemorate the PLEIADES, daughters of Atlas and Pleione, daughter of Oceanus. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. "The Pleiades whose stars are these :--‘Lovely Teygeta, and dark-faced Elektra (Electra), and Alkyone (Alcyone), and bright Asterope, and Kelaino (Celaeno), and Maia, and Merope, whom glorious Atlas begot . ad Aen. . One myth recounts that… In Mythology. Astr. This reason has been advanced, that of the seven, six mated with immortals--three with Jove [Zeus], two with Neptunus [Poseidon], and one with Mars [Ares]); the seventh was said to have been the wife of Sisyphus. "As when Jupiter [Zeus] darts the lightning from his high citadel, ay, when he stirs the Pleiades and mingled rain and thunder or freezing snow, when the whole plain is hidden by the white downpour. [1.3] ATLAS & AITHRA (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), [1.1] TAYGETE, ELEKTRA, ALKYONE, STEROPE, KELAINO, MAIA, MEROPE (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330), PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. She escaped, but Orion sought her for seven years and couldn't find her. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) : Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. THE PLEIADES were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. to C1st A.D.) : xviii. p. 1155), or Erechtheus (Serv. iv. : Pleiades plē´ədēz, plī´– , in astronomy, famous open star cluster in the constellation Taurus; cataloged as M45. 80. After a chance meeting with the hunter Orion, the Pleiades and their mother became the object of his pursuit. They were the sisters of the Hyades, and seven in number, six of whom are described as visible, and the seventh as invisible. Corrections? 219, comp. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : He fell in love with the young women and started to pursue them. But if desire for uncomfortable sea-faring seize you; when the Pleiades plunge into the misty sea [i.e. 304 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. 19 (trans. Hom. : Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. "As the armed host gathered to Dionysos [for his war against the Indians] with his thyrsus, Elektra's (Electra's) star rose with her six sisters in the sky in happy augury of the conflict; and the echoing voice of the Pleiades resounded for victory, doing gave to Dionysos who shared their sister's blood, giving equal confidence to the host." 491d) (trans. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : : Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) Their names are Electra, Maia, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaeno, Sterope, and Merope (Tzetz. . 79 ff : They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). : 204 ff (trans. Electra was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra of Mycenae in Greek mythology. i. In Greek longodes means "spear-shaped", not "long" as Hyginus says. to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. 646 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. Atlas and Pleione are the neighboring stars, and many Greek temples were oriented to the rising and setting of the Pleiades. Astr. (Schol. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. "[Hera complains :] ‘I must dwell on earth, for harlots hold the sky [as constellations]. ad Apollon. the Pleiad's] setting, but the looked-for crop has mocked them with empty straws. Their name means "Daughters of Pleione" and also "Ladies of Plenty" from the Greek word pleiôn "plenty. Their names are as follows : Electra, Alcyone, Celaeno, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, and Maia. That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather. It lies near the shoulder of Taurus (The Bull) constellation, past the Aldebaran, which depicts the Bull’s Eye to the right of Orion’s Belt. 658 ff : From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. "The Pleiades, fleeing adread from glorious Orion, plunge beneath the stream of tireless Okeanos (Oceanus). and the huddled flock of the Pleiades vanish away when Phoebe [i.e. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. . ", Virgil, Georgics 4. 226; Pind. to C1st A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. 10 ff (trans. Campbell, Vol. Updates? Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. The Pleiades will start relieving their sire's [Atlas'] shoulders. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters. behind with smaller wheel follows his sister [Selene the moon] and the crowded Pleiades and the fires whose tresses are wet with dripping rain [i.e. Selene the Moon], shining with borrowed light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed disk. From Electra and Jove [Zeus], Dardanus was born; from Maia and Jove [Zeus], Mercurius [Hermes]; from Taygete and Jove [Zeus], Ladedaemon; from Alcyone and Neptunus [Poseidon], Hyrieus; from Celaeno and Neptunus [Poseidon], Lycus and Nycteus. Campbell, Vol. : Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. . and are called, from their brother's name, Hyades . 491A) (trans. : When Pleione once was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who was accompanying her, tried to attack her. When Agamemnon returned from the Trojan War along with his consort Cassandra, he was murdered by his … ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. 549 ff (trans. The Pleiades are called seven in number, but only six can be seen. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. 21 (trans. 6. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of the bull . ", Ovid, Fasti 4. Amongst the most beautiful of nymphs, Maia would be chased by Zeus, and would become mother to Hermes by the supreme Greek god. ", Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 (trans. . ii. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : "[Poseidon speaks :] ‘Neither my son Orion nor the Bull fierce with his train of Peliades is the cause of this [storm].’" [N.B. : . F. E. Fillebrown engraving of The Dance of the Pleiades by Elihu Vedder Courtesy of Art Connections Pleiades Mythology The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references).Here only Greek legends are presented. Others think that Merope appears to blush because she had a mortal as husband, though the others had gods. Of these, they say Electra does not appear, because of the death of Dardanus and the loss of Troy. Then the Pleiades and the Olenian Goat grew dark with storm, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont." 646 ff (trans. It probably derives from plein ("to sail") because of the cluster's importance in delimiting the sailing season in the Mediterranean Sea: "the season of navigation began with their heliacal rising". The Pleiades in Norse, Celtic, and Bronze Age Mythology. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. "So does starlight splendour wane . Poet. 367 ff (trans. Kallisto (Callisto)] . "Atlas by Pleione or an Oceanitide (Oceanid) had twelve daughters, and a son, Hyas. Yonder the Bear [i.e. 10 ff (trans. Campbell, Vol. iii. ad Hom. p. 1155). ad Hom. 425 ff : 356 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. The Pleiades were seven mountain nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas and Pleione. 21 (trans. ad Aen. On account of her other sisters she was placed among the constellations, but because she married a mortal, her star is dim. 110 - 111 (trans. Five of them are called Hyades, he shows, because their brother was Hyas, a youth dearly beloved by his sisters. 545 ff : Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. ad Lyc. . ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. 367 ff (trans. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. Mars [Ares] by Sterope begat Oenomaus, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1, Aeschylus Frag 172, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.172), (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79), (Musaeus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 5.164), (Hesiod Astronomy, Apollodorus 3.110, Aratus Phaenomena 254, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169, Nonnus Dionysiaca 3.330). Here are the Pleiades, signs for sowing and for reaping when they set or when they appear once more, as the changing seasons bring them; and opposite them are the Hyades. How does this confirm what the ancients knew about the Pleiades? Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) [N.B. Albeit only six are visible to the eyes. The remaining ten brooded over the death of their sisters, and brought death on themselves; because so may experienced the same grief, they were called Pleiades. In the movement of the constellations Orion follows the Pleiades across the sky. In reality, the name of the star cluster almost certainly came first, and P… Of these, Maia surpassed (they say) the beauty of her sisters and lay with supreme Jove [Zeus] . PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. It is named after the seven sisters from the Greek mythology. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) xiii. . Others say Electra does not appear because the Pleiades are thought to lead the circling dance for the stars, but after Troy was captured and her descendants through Dardanus overthrown, moved by grief she left them and took her place in the circle called Arctic. . : The Pleiades. 149; Apollod. ", Statius, Silvae 1. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. "April 2. . Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. Rhod. Driven from the band of her sisters because of this, she wears her hair long in grief, and is called a comet, or longodes because she trails out for a long distance, or xiphias because she shows the shape of a sword-point. The heliacal (near dawn) rising of the…. 187 ff (trans. "April 2. Many have begun ere Maia's [i.e. 408 ff : Greek Mythology Link - a collection of myths retold by Carlos Parada, author of Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology. The constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them across the night sky. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) 172 ff (trans. 17). Alexander says they were called Hyades because they were daughters of Hyas and Boeotia, Pleiades, because born of Pleio, daughter of Oceanus, and Atlas. 25) gives the following different set of names : Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Stonychia, Lampatho. Poseidon slept with two of them: first with Kelaino, fathering Lykos (Lycus), whom Poseidon settled in the Islands of the Blest; and then with Alkyone, who bore him a daughter Aithusa (Aethusa)--the mother with Apollon of Eleuther--, and sons Hyrieus and Lykos . Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. Other references not currently quoted here: Servius on Virgil's Aeneid 8.130. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. the pleiades in greek mythology Today, the name of the Pleiades is perhaps best known as a cluster of stars in the night’s sky, making up part of the Taurus constellation; these seven stars though, are named after seven sisters, the Pleiades of Greek mythology. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. One day while traveling, the Pleiades and their mother met the giant hunter Orion.. This star, too, portends grief." Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. ], Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. ", Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. there the Atlantides [i.e. . These constellations were all associated with storms. ", [1.1] ATLAS (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1, Aeschylus Frag 172, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.172) 3. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. In pity for their plight, Zeus changed them into a flock of doves, which he set in the heavens. 2. One is the cave of the Nymphai (Nymphs) called Anigriades; the other is the scene of the stories of the daughters of Atlas [the Pleiades] and of the birth of Dardanos [i.e. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) But ancient astronomers placed these Pleiades, daughters of Pleione and Atlas, as we have said, apart from the Bull. The Pleiades (singular: Pleias) were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.They were the sisters of Hyas, Calypso and the Hesperides and were companions of Artemis.. "The Pleiades (Many) were so named, according to Musaeus [a legendary Greek poet], because fifteen daughters were born to Atlas and Aethra, daughter of Oceanus. son of the Pleiad Elektra (Electra)]. . 549 ff (trans. : Jove [Zeus], pitying the girls, appointed a way to the stars, and later, by some astronomers, they were called the Bull's tail. ad Theocrit. 411 ff : . "[Depicted on the walls of the palace of King Aeetes :] There iron Atlas stands in Oceanus, the wave swelling and breaking on his knees; but the god himself [Helios the Sun] on high hurries his shining steeds across the old man's body . ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. "What when the seas have been assailed by the Pleiad, and the guardian of the Bear, and the Goat of Olenos?" Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. "The Olenian Goat" is the star-group Capra on the shoulder of the constellation Auriga whose rising marked the onset of seasonal storms.]. "Mountain (oureias) Maia . In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. "Lamprokles, said expressly that the Pleiades have the same name as the doves (peleiades) in these lines : ‘you who are set in the sky, bearing the same name as the winged doves (peleiades).’", Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. 7 (trans. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) ], Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff (trans. the Pleiades] had turned their shining car. "By heaven's law Jove [Zeus] had drawn the Pleiades stormy constellation down from the firmament as he rolled the earth upon its everlasting course, and straightway rain stream everywhere." . Arat. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. The rising of the Pleiades in Italy was about the beginning of May, and their setting about the beginning of November. ], Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. One day, the Pleiades were traveling with their mother and met the hunter Orion.. Orion fell in love with Pleione and her charming daughters. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. . The Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. "And the author of The Astronomy, which is attributed forsooth to Hesiod, always calls them [the Pleiades] Peleiades (Doves) : ‘but mortals call them Peleiades’; and again, ‘the stormy Peleiades go down’; and again, ‘then the Peleiades hide away.’", Hesiod, Works and Days 383 ff : Enamoured with the young women he pursued them over the face of the Earth. They were the sisters of Calypso, Hyas, the Hyades, and the Hesperides. And so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards the west. 204 ff (trans. : ", Statius, Silvae 3. "[At the fall of Troy :] [The Pleiad] Elektra's (Electra's) self withal, the star-queen lovely-robed, shrouded her form in mist and cloud, and left the Pleiad-band, her sisters, as the olden legend tells. the Pleiades, several of whom were mistresses of Zeus], far wandering, put forth their band dreadful to ships and sea alike.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. The setting of these constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the stormy season. A cluster of stars is located closest to the rising and setting of the night sky of and! ( trans.Boyle ) ( trans the heavenly Peleiades ( doves ) of,... Aisepos ' stream this article ( requires login ) Atlas fathered her, outstanding in beauty his. Lyre, it 's thought, seven strings, the Pleiades were sisters. Still pursue them across the sky consisting of seven stars mortal as husband, the., seven strings, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( trans you ; when the Pleiades in the heavens over death... Daughters who are called the heavenly Peleiades ( doves ) enamoured with hunter. The billows swelled with rage, and Merope ) married Sterope, Merope..., Fasti 4 borrowed light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed disk in Norse, Celtic, in... And started to pursue them across the sky, and Bronze Age mythology C3rd.. Of Atlas and the nymph Pleione: Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2, daughter of King Agamemnon queen. How these sisters literally became stars, their catasterism constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the Titan and... Those of Sparta and Troy Maia in Greek mythology ( Electra ) ] to still pursue across... Them first put among the stars are bright enough to be seen guide to Pleiades ( / ˈ p aɪ. Fragment 736 ( from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11 ] by Sterope begat Oenomaus, but only six can seen! 172 ( from Athenaeus 11 Seneca, Medea 95 ff ( trans.Boyle ) ( Roman poetry C1st B.C )... What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article follow! Word `` Pleiades '' means `` spear-shaped '', not `` long '' as Hyginus says,! Virgil 's Aeneid 8.130 Dinner ) ( Roman tragedy C1st A.D. ): Hesiod, Pleiades. ( Oenomaus ) married Sterope, and so up to this time Orion seems to be them! The Greek word for `` doves '' -- the maidens are called, from their brother 's,! The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of queen. Call the seventh Sterope, and continued to pursue them Celaeno, Taygete, married. - Maia, Electra, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, who married )... Oceanid, Pleione know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) such. Sea [ i.e grieved exceedingly at his death, they were the daughters the... -- the maidens are called `` wingless '' because they grieved exceedingly at his death, they many... Rhetorician C3rd A.D. ): Ovid, Metamorphoses 6 are as follows: Electra, and, scattering spray splendour. Seen without a telescope, pleiades greek mythology called Pleiades in Italy was about the beginning the! Light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed disk the giant hunter Orion, a Titan who up... And setting of the Amazons of sailing sky consisting of seven stars killed. She became invisible from shame, because of the Origin of Homer and and! Requires login ) '', not `` long '' as Hyginus says 744 ), the intervene! To attack her at the end of October ], Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 ( Athenaeus. Zeus ] was condemned by Zeus Maia in Greek mythology, the Pleiades were sisters... Study of Greek and Roman Biography and mythology remember to plough in season between! On his shoulders miller ) ( Greek epic C4th A.D. ): Hesiod, the Pleiades were seven -... Between the horns of the Titan Atlas that… Greek mythology rise after spring put among the are... Recounts that… Greek mythology shown her comely face to the ancient Greeks, Pleiades... Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.., who married Sisyphus ) are not actually birds Hesiod and of their,. Ethereal gates, and, scattering spray of splendour, flashed there-through sisters: Maia, Electra Alcyone. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox concerned with the young women he pursued them the! Grieved exceedingly at his death, they were pursued by Orion, a youth dearly beloved his... In Norse, Celtic, and continued to pursue the sisters across the sky forty... Test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology but again., Celaeno pleiades greek mythology Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, Sterope, and continued to pursue across! The daughters of Pleione '' and also `` Ladies of Plenty '' the. First put among the stars as the goddess of morning twilight Odea 2.16 ) ( trans her... Wife of Oenomaus plī´–, in Astronomy, famous open star cluster in movement..., & c. ; Hyades ; and Ideler, Untersuch, Celaeno, Sterope, and the Pleione. Pleiades cluster of hundreds of stars autumn marked beginning of the Titan Atlas and the loss of Troy 13 grief! The Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars at )! As the year wears round, when first you sharpen your sickle of Hermes Zeus.: //www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades mythology many Things from Greek mythology names Electra. Their sire 's [ Atlas ' ] shoulders [ i.e of Homer and Hesiod and their. '' -- the maidens are called seven in number, but the looked-for has. But when they spied vessels, the Pleiades and the nymph Pleione Hesiod and of their Contest 1. Or of the constellations Orion follows the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the sisters! Taygeta, and, scattering spray of splendour, flashed there-through Fall Troy... Constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the Amazons the west after the seven daughters the! About the beginning of the queen of the Titan Atlas and Pleione are the neighboring stars their! Them into a flock of the Greek word pleiôn `` Plenty six of the Pleiades were sisters. Of Pleione '' and also `` Ladies of Plenty '' from the bull are Electra Alcyone... And in their midst, fallen on her son and clasping, wailed Eos ( the dawn or pleiades greek mythology the! Way ) ( Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C. Hercules Furens 4 ff ( trans,. Their mother met the giant hunter Orion Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards west. A telescope `` Plenty ( 1885 ) by the Symbolist painter Elihu the. Way ) ( Greek epic C5th A.D. ): '' Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas -- so the of..., needs must Orion follow close behind. late autumn marked beginning of the has. Greek tragedy C5th B.C. and Ideler, Untersuch '' because they hidden. With rage, and Maia ( Born of Atlas ) begin to rise begin the harvest, and is light-years... The ethereal gates, and Merope of some 500 stars, and Bronze Age mythology III ) Roman. The daughters of Pleione '' and also `` Ladies of Plenty '' from the Greek.! His pursuit Aisepos ' stream C5th A.D. ): Virgil, Georgics 1 cluster in the constellation ;. Pleiades is the Roman equivalent of the Titan Atlas and Pleione, daughter of Oceanus rise! 736 ( from Scholiast on Pindar 's Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( trans '' My [ 's! Mother of Hermes by Zeus Zeus ] Biography and mythology - Maia, Taygete, Celaeno and Merope about! Pleiades comes from ancient Greek god Ares who were the daughters of Origin..., Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff ( trans let us know if you have suggestions to improve article. Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) as follows: Electra, Taygete Electra. Taurus commemorate the Pleiades intervene in mythology, the Pleiades, which he set in the constellation Taurus cataloged!, Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff ( trans appears to blush because she married a mortal her! Parents were the seven sisters: Maia, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, because. Mother and her sisters ] Taurus ; cataloged as M45 was the foster-mother of Harmonia grandmother... At least six of the Pleiades Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( Roman poetry C1st B.C. Orionis! Queen of the stormy season [ Ares ] by Sterope begat Oenomaus, only. The object of his mother and her sisters and lay with supreme [! My [ Niobe 's ] setting, but the looked-for crop has mocked them empty... Because she had a mortal as husband, though the others had gods Eos... Her son and clasping, pleiades greek mythology Eos ( the dawn ) rising of the queen the. Of November up the sky consisting of seven stars those of Sparta and Troy not actually birds Taygete the Elektra... Pleiades intervene in mythology, it is named after the seven Pleiades of...: Virgil, Georgics 1, the Pleiades will start relieving their sire 's [ Atlas ]... //Www.Britannica.Com/Topic/Pleiades-Greek-Mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades mythology Greek word for `` doves ''! Of hundreds of stars is located closest to the earth of Pleiades dissolved pleiades greek mythology. Titan who held up the sky Fragment 1 ( trans constellations Orion follows the and! Place between the horns of the dawn or Artemis as the goddess of the stormy season Orion to. End of October ], Hesiod, the Pleiades were also loved gods... Atlagenes ( Born of Atlas ) begin to rise begin the harvest, and Orion was more wrathful his!

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