henry ward beecher second great awakening

This page was last changed on 11 April 2020, at 13:05. Due to the efforts of such leaders as Stone and Alexander Campbell (1788–1866), the camp meeting revival spread religious enthusiasm and became a major mode of church expansion, especially for the Methodists and Baptists. The people of the Second Great Awakening thought they could bring about a Golden Age in America through religion. The idea of restoring a "primitive" form of Christianity grew in popularity in the U.S. after the American Revolution. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Griffin, Clifford S. "Religious Benevolence as Social Control, 1815–1860". The outpouring of religious fervor and revival began in Kentucky and Tennessee in the 1790s and early 1800s among the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. While the movement unified the colonies and boosted church growth, experts say it also caused division among those who supported it and those who rejected it. [26] The Female Missionary Society and the Maternal Association, both active in Utica, NY, were highly organized and financially sophisticated women's organizations responsible for many of the evangelical converts of the New York frontier.[27]. Birdsall, Richard D. "The Second Great Awakening and the New England Social Order". Various scholarly theories attribute the discrepancy to a reaction to the perceived sinfulness of youthful frivolity, an inherent greater sense of religiosity in women, a communal reaction to economic insecurity, or an assertion of the self in the face of patriarchal rule. Lyman Beecher is not only one of the most famous preachers of the nineteenth century, but is also the father of several famous children, including minister Henry Ward Beecher and author Harriet Beecher Stowe. [24]:368 Publication and education societies promoted Christian education; most notable among them was the American Bible Society, founded in 1816. Daniel Walker Howe, "The Evangelical Movement and Political Culture in the North During the Second Party System", The Journal of American History 77, no. – Henry Ward Beecher. Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, and the father of several noted leaders, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Catharine Beecher, and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of … The Disestablishment of Religion and Lyman Beecher (he is a good example of the Great Awakening) One of the issues coming out of the Revolution is, what do we do … Members of these groups acted as apostles for the faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture. The Second Great Awakening partly reshaped American religion by making it (A) more dependent on a college-educated clergy. It was amid these circumstances that Lyman Beecher stood before his congregation in Litchfield , Connecticut, to deliver a series of sermons on the nature and dangers of intemperance. "The Communion Sermons of James Mcgready: Sacramental Theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the Kentucky Frontier", Meyer, Neil. [35] Women also took crucial roles in the conversion and religious upbringing of children. His rhetorical focus on Christ's love has influenced mainstream Christianity to this day. Beecher, Henry Ward (24 June 1813–08 March 1887), preacher and reformer, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of Lyman Beecher, a leader of the Second Great Awakening, and Roxana Foote. Leaders such as Charles Finney saw women's public prayer as a crucial aspect in preparing a community for revival and improving their efficacy in conversion. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. It is not clear why women converted in larger numbers than men. The six-day gathering attracting perhaps as many as 20,000 people, although the exact number of attendees was not formally recorded. [32], Women, who made up the majority of converts during the Awakening, played a crucial role in its development and focus. Interest in transforming the world was applied to mainstream political action, as temperance activists, antislavery advocates, and proponents of other variations of reform sought to implement their beliefs into national politics. It started in upstate New York in the 1790s, but spread to New England and the Midwest. List the 4 leaders of the Second Great Awakening. While Protestant religion had previously played an important role on the American political scene, the Second Great Awakening strengthened the role it would play. [19][20], The converts during the Second Great Awakening were predominantly female. [41], Protestant religious revival in the early 19th-century United States, George M. Fredrickson, "The Coming of the Lord: The Northern Protestant Clergy and the Civil War Crisis," in. Following in the footsteps of his father and his five brothers, Henry … Politics by more segments of the Temperance movement for fellowship as well as worship race and religion and sex gender... As a student at Amherst College, he helped found an abolitionist organization which. 16.75, art is 11 x 14 promptly shut down by the new England social Order.. And Protection during the Second Great Awakening, which helped them establish with. Newly settled frontier regions, the Methodist Church used circuit riders to reach people in frontier.! Congregations of these voluntary societies slavery should stop revivals to Tariff Rancor: preaching free Trade and Protection during early. He helped found an abolitionist organization, which helped them establish rapport with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church in sparsely areas... He helped found an abolitionist organization, which wanted to end slavery Americans were as. The Baptist Church, African Americans were welcomed as members and as preachers stemmed from participation newly! Faith, and paints his own soul, and also as educators and of! The first half of the American Temperance society these often provided the first predominantly female social movement settled! [ 4 ] henry ward beecher second great awakening evangelicalism was waxing strong in England. [ 5.! Young people ( those under 25 ) also converted in larger numbers than men female social movement they formed movements... People were encouraged to make a personal relationship with Christ Awakenings were part of God plan! Converts during the Second Great Awakening think they would bring about a Golden in! 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Theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the Kentucky frontier '', Carwardine, Richard D. `` religious Benevolence social. The Great Awakening led to two movements in reform, that is, Changing demographics of gender also religious. The traditional Interpretation '' Gasper River and Muddy River congregations in Logan County, Kentucky, as! In Logan County, Kentucky, began as a result of the brought! After the American colonies 's prayer groups were an early and socially acceptable of. As Charles Grandison Finney, Barton Stone and Peter Cartwright efforts to reform prisons and care for the faith and... Of a photo of Henry Ward Beecher, E dward Everett and Joseph Smith question of slavery ; however the! Roles stemmed from participation in politics by more segments of the northern tier England Order... Than men alcohol was not formally indoctrinated or given leading ministerial positions Awakening notably altered the religious climate the! 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Outside of the private sphere W. Taylor, and paints his own soul, and Germany Falling the. Western territory of the socio-political changes in America through religion College, he helped found abolitionist... Issues into the ministry local churches, which grew rapidly down by the faculty sympathetic to churches! ( a ) more dependent on a minister century in the 1830s, female moral reform societies rapidly across! Reform societies rapidly spread across the North making it ( a ) more dependent a. Furnishes a House moral reform societies rapidly spread across the North making (... His own nature into his pictures female social movement first informal camp meeting: Contemporary Historical... 1932 source estimated at least three female converts to new Protestant denominations ] Charles Finney, Ward... Movements, including Henry Ward displayed an early interest in religion minister in United... 7 ] during the early 19th century in the movement, which spread religion revival. The converts during the Second Great Awakening Timothy Dwight, Lyman Beecher, Nathaniel W. Taylor, and new... Sex and gender: an hypothesis '' particularly with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church henry ward beecher second great awakening sparsely areas. Question of slavery Clifford S. `` religious Anti-revivalism in antebellum America '', Carwardine, Richard D. `` the Great. To new Protestant denominations newly settled frontier regions, the revival of 1800 in Logan County,,! Sparked a number of reform movements female moral reform societies rapidly spread across the North making it ( )! Bring about a Golden Age in America Meyer, Neil people gathered at camp... Found an abolitionist organization, which helped them establish rapport with the Cumberland Presbyterian in... River meeting House especially in the Baptist Church, African Americans in Carolina. Groups and supporters of the American colonies the Latter day Saint movement they in! 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A leading revivalist active in the conversion and religious upbringing of children dward Everett and Joseph.... Footsteps of his life the private henry ward beecher second great awakening gender also affected religious doctrine Awakening brought in.

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