This page was last changed on 11 April 2020, at 13:05. Due to the efforts of such leaders as Stone and Alexander Campbell (1788–1866), the camp meeting revival spread religious enthusiasm and became a major mode of church expansion, especially for the Methodists and Baptists. The people of the Second Great Awakening thought they could bring about a Golden Age in America through religion. The idea of restoring a "primitive" form of Christianity grew in popularity in the U.S. after the American Revolution. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Griffin, Clifford S. "Religious Benevolence as Social Control, 1815–1860". The outpouring of religious fervor and revival began in Kentucky and Tennessee in the 1790s and early 1800s among the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. While the movement unified the colonies and boosted church growth, experts say it also caused division among those who supported it and those who rejected it.  The Female Missionary Society and the Maternal Association, both active in Utica, NY, were highly organized and financially sophisticated women's organizations responsible for many of the evangelical converts of the New York frontier.. Birdsall, Richard D. "The Second Great Awakening and the New England Social Order". Various scholarly theories attribute the discrepancy to a reaction to the perceived sinfulness of youthful frivolity, an inherent greater sense of religiosity in women, a communal reaction to economic insecurity, or an assertion of the self in the face of patriarchal rule. Lyman Beecher is not only one of the most famous preachers of the nineteenth century, but is also the father of several famous children, including minister Henry Ward Beecher and author Harriet Beecher Stowe. :368 Publication and education societies promoted Christian education; most notable among them was the American Bible Society, founded in 1816. Daniel Walker Howe, "The Evangelical Movement and Political Culture in the North During the Second Party System", The Journal of American History 77, no. – Henry Ward Beecher. Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, and the father of several noted leaders, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Catharine Beecher, and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of … The Disestablishment of Religion and Lyman Beecher (he is a good example of the Great Awakening) One of the issues coming out of the Revolution is, what do we do … Members of these groups acted as apostles for the faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture. The Second Great Awakening partly reshaped American religion by making it (A) more dependent on a college-educated clergy. It was amid these circumstances that Lyman Beecher stood before his congregation in Litchfield , Connecticut, to deliver a series of sermons on the nature and dangers of intemperance. "The Communion Sermons of James Mcgready: Sacramental Theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the Kentucky Frontier", Meyer, Neil.  Women also took crucial roles in the conversion and religious upbringing of children. His rhetorical focus on Christ's love has influenced mainstream Christianity to this day. Beecher, Henry Ward (24 June 1813–08 March 1887), preacher and reformer, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of Lyman Beecher, a leader of the Second Great Awakening, and Roxana Foote. Leaders such as Charles Finney saw women's public prayer as a crucial aspect in preparing a community for revival and improving their efficacy in conversion. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. It is not clear why women converted in larger numbers than men. The six-day gathering attracting perhaps as many as 20,000 people, although the exact number of attendees was not formally recorded. , Women, who made up the majority of converts during the Awakening, played a crucial role in its development and focus. Interest in transforming the world was applied to mainstream political action, as temperance activists, antislavery advocates, and proponents of other variations of reform sought to implement their beliefs into national politics. It started in upstate New York in the 1790s, but spread to New England and the Midwest. List the 4 leaders of the Second Great Awakening. While Protestant religion had previously played an important role on the American political scene, the Second Great Awakening strengthened the role it would play. , The converts during the Second Great Awakening were predominantly female. , Protestant religious revival in the early 19th-century United States, George M. 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