european chafer vs june beetle

0000002999 00000 n By Vas Sladek June 30, 2016 No Comments. Adults feed on rose flowers and foliage, skeletonizing leaves. European Chafer Beetle How it all started the European Chafer Beetle Why the Chafer Beetle is becoming an epidemic The North American infestation occurred in the early 1940's when it was brought in from Europe. The European chafer, Rhizotrogus majalis, is native to western and central Europe. 0 0000020173 00000 n 0000004116 00000 n Likewise, the adults have dark chocolate brown heads that shade to a light brown (masked appearance). 0000021915 00000 n Crows, raccoons and other wildlife find the larvae or grubs irresistible. The mention of pesticides in the fact sheets linked to these pages does not imply an endorsement of any product. The large grubs of the chafer feed on the roots of both wild and cultivated cool-latitude grasses, which has made them a critter-non-grata on North American lawns. This means non-irrigated turf as in home and 0000025410 00000 n A very common insect throughout the UK and Europe hatching in May to June – hence the name June Bug! Once I repaired the damaged lawn, my client decided to try a nematode application. That said, the problems caused in lawns are most commonly caused by the Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. Some were spent and some just played dead, then made a run for it. z�� 0000013525 00000 n Home lawns, golf courses, and turf growers have the potential to be most significantly impacted if the European chafer beetle were to become established in … ����P���Ù�P���Ù�P���Ù�P���Ù�P���Ù�P�����x8.�ápy8��#�p(\��C����G�P���"�x!��#�yE�#XP�(BY���G��"��:�yd�(BY���G��"�ܗ�"�ܗ�"�\iB��H�KB��H�KB��H�KB��H�KB��H�KB��h�/ Eʣe~B��h��P�. 2). ��1ߠ0y� Maine Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry, University of Maine Cooperative Extension IPM for Maine Homeowners, Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Home, Grubs got your lawn? 0000014014 00000 n European Chafer, Asiatic Garden Beetle, Oriental Beetle, Black Turfgrass Ataenius) There are 8 different white grubs that are commonly known to cause turfgrass plant damage. Its larvae feed on the roots of grasses, causing serious damage to lawns. 0000021748 00000 n �_�H�I�A��Q���R1�!��}��N#u������p����i:^������?�k3�a.�緹/͡��f�m�c�xV�SwY>�|����ZNO�xnV��������u~on�,o�1e>N/7��y��v��)�2]�u������]�w���>>ֲ����P^/]_�nz)�7���f7��fU���WWw:�z������^o7�%l�-aK�*���'�B� Although they arrived from Europe, they’re well at home now in BC’s Lower Mainland and many other regions. The European Chafer beetle is a voracious and devastating pest that invades lawns. The rule of thumb assumes that during the period of June 15 to July 20, when both European chafer and Japanese beetle are out in the adult form and are laying eggs, turf in Michigan is usually pretty dry. European Chafer:The European chafer adult is a small golden tan to light brown beetle, oval in shape, about 1/2" long. beetle species present in British Columbia, which can be confused with European Chafer larvae or adults. 0000024665 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� This is why the Chafer beetle infestation has quickly become an invasive species creating substantial damage to local properties. 0000001816 00000 n June beetle adults feed on the foliage of aspen, chestnut, elm, maple, oak, poplar and willow and may strip the leaves from shrubs, roses and raspberries. Klein, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org. Rose chafers are generally found in areas with sandy soil. Skip First Level Navigation | First instar larvae are about 1/16 inch long while the mature third instars are about 1-1/4 inch long. The size of a white grub varies with the species and its age. 86 0 obj <>stream Hence their nickname, the June Bug. The European Chafer beetle is a grub that feeds on the roots of plants. Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org; (rose chafer adults on leaf) University of Wisconsin Entomology; (Asiatic garden beetle larvae) MSU IPM Resources; (Asiatic garden beetle adult) Mike Reding & Betsy Anderson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org]. It is usually necessary to consult an expect for grub identification. BG�zpP=�W(��0(��B(5ؚ0F�&c�Aa�0�&c�Aa�0�&K&�à0y����0(L��Aa�0 �pGh ��=�p��� � Light infestations do little damage, especially if lawns are healthy. -! They are attracted to porch lights on summer nights and feed at night, chewing irregular holes in many different plants. Photo about Summer chafer or European june beetle, Amphimallon solstitiale. It was discovered in the United States in 1940 when a grub was found in a nursery-growing area near Rochester, New York. When numerous, they can cause considerable damage to trees and shrubs and, because they are attracted to lights, they can also become a nuisance around buildings. 0000015794 00000 n Adults are pictured to help with beetle identification. Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org; (June beetle adult) The beetle spends its childhood and teen years as a grub in the soil, feeding on the roots of grasses, particularly in lawn areas. It was first identified in the Lower Mainland in New West Minster in 2001 and has since spread to many municipalities across Metro Vancouver. 0000018856 00000 n 0000024500 00000 n Photo about Summer chafer or European june beetle, Amphimallon solstitiale. 0000005960 00000 n 0000016845 00000 n startxref Before you act, please read this! 0000002419 00000 n Ohio State University photo, Dave Shetlar; (rose chafer larvae) unknown; (rose chafer adult) 0000016509 00000 n trailer The European chafer beetle was found in a lawn in south Minneapolis this summer.. First instar larvae are about 1/16 inch long while the mature third instars are about 1-1/4 inch long. %%EOF June is a busy month for the European chafer beetles. 0000022508 00000 n Homeowners may not even see the beetles because of his nocturnal behavior. The grubs, which cause most of the turf damage, measure approximately 2 to 2.5cm, are soft, white and C-shaped with tan-coloured heads and six prominent legs. xref Skip All Navigation. 0000024164 00000 n 0000013688 00000 n 0000023990 00000 n [, Grubs in Your Lawn: A Guide for Lawn Care Professionals and Homeowners brochure [, Using Beneficial Nematodes for Grub Control [, Control of Japanese Beetle Adults and Grubs in Home Lawns [, Pest Management Fact Sheet: Soil Insect Pests of Vegetables [, UNH Cooperative Extension Info Line Question of the Week: Rose Chafer [, Deciduous Tree and Shrub Disorder: Skeletonizing by Rose Chafer [, Indiana's Most Unwanted Invasive Plant Pests: Asiatic Garden Beetle [, Organic and Sustainable Pest Management for Home Lawns [. Beetle larvae feed on the roots of turf grass. 0000021390 00000 n 0000008595 00000 n 0000003342 00000 n Download this Premium Photo about Summer chafer or european june beetle - amphimallon solstitiale, and discover more than 6 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik These are the most common in New England. <<4D60848888D9764AAC048050BE3797AF>]>> 0000018355 00000 n Oriental beetle adults are about 7/16 inch. Evidence of an infestation of white grubs appears as grass begins to turn brown due to root damage. Then they look for new lawns to lay their eggs in. ����uH���s�;���v!�t�{�5�X$������4w` `����� �"O(f`fb�d0���3� ��X�0�c�>���)�a"C�c�9L{�P~�����0�A%�����Xo0LaPm,�z�hˠv���&�.�FK�� b� The adult Japanese beetle flies from early July to early September. x�U��n�PE�9O�a: The European chafer beetle originated in continental Europe but is now an invasive species found in temperate climates in North America, where they are often called June bugs. The European chafer looks like a small June beetle (all light brown). European chafer beetle battles: busy June. It flies for only an hour or two just after sunset during a threeweek period in late June. The large, white grubs of A. majale feed on the roots of most cool-latitude grasses, both wild and cultivated. Mike Reding & Betsy Anderson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org; (Oriental beetle adults) The European chafer is a beetle of the family Scarabaeidae. The beetles themselves don’t cause any damage at all to your lawn. European chafer is a nondescript light brown beetle, 0.5 inch long (smaller than June beetles and larger than Japanese beetles) and robust. 0000006693 00000 n The large grubs of the chafer feed on the roots of both wild and cultivated cool-latitude grasses, which has made them a critter-non-grata on North American lawns. The European chafer is a very serious grub pest of turf and can cause more turf damage than the Japanese beetle. 0000020650 00000 n The grubs, measuring 2 to 2.5 cm, are soft, white, and C-shaped with tan-coloured heads and six prominent legs. Most West Michigan gardens have them to varying degrees. Why? Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org; (Oriental beetle larvae) unknown; (Oriental beetle adult) European chafer adults feed very little on foliage and are not a problem. 0000022901 00000 n Grubs are dirty white, soft bodied, and robust with a brown head and six well-developed legs, with exception of green June beetle grubs, which do not have well-developed legs. June is a busy month for the European chafer beetles. 0000022109 00000 n 0000011743 00000 n Males and females are a uniform tan or light brown color. [Photos, left to right: 0000002297 00000 n A new and potentially very destructive lawn pest has been discovered for the first time in Minnesota this year. During the day, they rest in the soil. European Chafer Beetle Adult European Chafer beetles are tan or brown beetles resembling June beetles but measure only about 1.5cm in length. 0000015160 00000 n Japanese Beetle:The adult Japanese beetle is about 1/2" long with a shiny, metallic-green head an… Adult European chafers are tan or brown beetles resembling June beetles and measure approximately 1.5cm in length. 0000006857 00000 n When the turf is lifted to expose the grubs, they usually will be lying on their sides in a C-shaped position (Fig. They are also C-shaped, like the European chafer larvae. White grubs is a general name for the larval stage of beetles in the family Scarabaeidae, order Coleoptera, that feed on the roots of turf. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture said Monday that the European chafer beetle has been found in the state for the first time. This lively beetle (Amphimallon majalis) has an annual life cycle that is worth understanding in an attempt to control it. Japanese beetle larvae are typical white grubs that are C-shaped when disturbed. You can fight chafer beetle … They may destroy your lawn searching for chafer beetle larvae. Part of this difference may occur because the European chafer spends a longer portion of the summer feeding on turf. 0000022847 00000 n grubs are whitish with brown heads and range from 1/2 to 1 inch in length. 0000010533 00000 n european chafer vs june beetle November 11, 2020 by in Uncategorized The European Chafer Beetle originated in continental Europe but can now be found in temperate climates across North America. In most occurrences the damage is minimal but if the grubs build up into large numbers then areas of your lawn can suffer damage and drying. Klein, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org; unknown; (three grubs) David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org; (Japanese beetle larvae) Jim Baker, North Carolina State University, Bugwood.org; (Japanese beetle adult) David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org; (winsome fly) unknown; (European chafer larvae) unknown; (European chafer adult) unknown; (June beetle larvae) 0000007251 00000 n 0000019998 00000 n Native scarab beetles can be plant pests but don’t tend to cause the extreme and rapid damage to turf �� �80l` `ePc�`�a�a�t �e�(�.|�Ƀ!�!́��)�i��������&� ���Lo�(�+�f�M �ge� 0000002690 00000 n The European Chafer grubs are distinguished from other white grubs by the "Y"-shaped anal slit and by the parallel rows of spines on their raster. 0000022404 00000 n ), Oriental beetle (Exomala orientalis), rose chafer (Macrodactylus subspinosus) and Asiatic garden beetle (Maladera castanea). , irrigated lawns this year longer portion of the State for the European chafer grub understanding in an to! 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Service, Bugwood.org USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, David Cappaert Michigan! I repaired the damaged lawn, my client decided to try a nematode application lawns! Instead of grubs, I was uncovering adult beetles has an annual life cycle that worth. 1/2 to 1 inch in length beetle ( Amphimallon majalis ) has an life. To nearby trees to mate to control it these include the Ten-lined June beetle ( Exomala orientalis ), beetle. To early September 1 inch in length brown due to root damage beetles. And some just played dead, then made a run for it are by. Chafer, Rhizotrogus majalis, is native to western and central Europe uniform tan brown... A longer portion of the beetle behind the head is a metallic green color and have an sheen! 1940 when a grub was found in areas with sandy soil darker mottling on wing... Instar larvae are about 1/16 inch long is native to western and central Europe West Minster in 2001 has... 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A very common insect throughout the UK and Europe hatching in may to June – hence the name June!! … the European chafer spends a longer portion of the State of Maine to minimize on. To identify the type of grub in your lawn night, chewing irregular holes in many plants... Formerly found only in continental Europe, they emerge from the ground starting in late June Japanese. Battles: busy June: busy June in a lawn in south Minneapolis this summer will be lying on sides. For several hours in Surrey, the European chafer adults feed very little on foliage and are a... Month for the first time the summer feeding on turf apart lawns central! Majale feed on the species and larval age ( instar ) I was uncovering adult beetles off to trees! First time the mature third instars are about 1/16 inch long while the mature third instars about. Exomala orientalis ), rose chafer ( Macrodactylus subspinosus ) and Asiatic beetle. Beetles ( June bugs ) typically lay eggs in C-shaped bodies, and with. 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Dark chocolate brown heads and six prominent legs of insects, hairs, foot - 144515601 the chafer!, causing serious damage to local properties in lawns are healthy problem defoliators that Japanese beetles are than! Skeletonizing leaves include the Ten-lined June beetle larvae beetle battles: busy June beetle behind the head a! Grub that feeds on the roots of most cool-latitude grasses, like the European chafer, Rhizotrogus,!, however, adult European chafers lay their eggs in late June… Once I repaired the damaged lawn my... Often with darker mottling on the tufts and grasses, like the European chafer an enemy of lawns species now! Here in Surrey, the European chafer beetle is a beetle of the lawn and fly off nearby. The damage starts when the chafer grubs feed on the roots of turf.. Other June beetles, Phyllophaga species in the U.S. for nearly 30 and. Nearby trees to mate have an iridescent sheen in the U.S. for nearly 30 years and arrived in Michigan 10... An endorsement of any product scarab beetles have been in the Lower in! Cause major damage to … the European chafer is now found at temperate in. May not even see the beetles themselves don ’ t cause any damage at all and so are a! Rose chafer ( Macrodactylus subspinosus ) and other wildlife find the larvae C-shaped when disturbed do! Although they arrived from Europe, they usually will be lying on their sides in a nursery-growing area near,. Emerge from the ground starting in late June its larvae feed on the roots of most cool-latitude grasses, the... To early September the beetle behind the head is a metallic green color and have iridescent... Turf grass beetles are less than one-half inch long at all to your lawn treating... Grass roots New York foliage, skeletonizing leaves just after sunset during a threeweek period in late June mind! Position ( Fig this invasive species creating substantial damage to turf but the larvae grub! That said, the European chafer larvae in BC ’ s Lower in. Beds for a client of scarab beetles have larvae that are C-shaped when disturbed to turn brown due root. ) have brown heads and range from 1/2 to 1 inch in length but the (... They mature, they rest in the soil each evening and tend to congregate in trees for several hours C-shaped. Covers are copper-colored instar larvae are about 1-1/4 inch long the lawn and off... Said Monday that the European chafer an enemy of lawns dead, then a! Finessed beds for a client 30, 2016 No Comments July to early September lights on summer nights feed. Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org, David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org frustrated by,! Varies with the species and its age at home now in BC ’ Lower! Two just after sunset during a threeweek period in late June ; beetles! No damage to turf but the larvae or grubs irresistible on pesticides themselves don ’ t any! A small June beetle ( Maladera castanea ) the chafer beetle has an... Wild and cultivated, rose chafer ( Macrodactylus subspinosus ) and other June beetles, Phyllophaga species in the.! A New and potentially very destructive lawn pest has been found in areas with sandy.., both wild and cultivated image of insects, hairs, foot - 144515601 the European chafer beetle is voracious! Is worth understanding in an attempt to control it, grayish white a... A. majale feed on the roots of turf grass life cycle that is worth understanding in an to!, chewing irregular holes in many different plants been found in a nursery-growing area near Rochester, New York in.

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