pleiades greek mythology

", Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. 110 - 111 (trans. to C1st A.D.) : 19 (trans. ", Ovid, Heroides 18. Some call the seventh Sterope, and relate that she became invisible from shame, because she alone among her sister… xiii. 486, Od. Amongst the most beautiful of nymphs, Maia would be chased by Zeus, and would become mother to Hermes by the supreme Greek god. 172 ff (trans. The Pleiades in Norse, Celtic, and Bronze Age Mythology. along with Maia my mother you shall shine with the Seven Stars in the sky, running your course with Helios (Sun), rising with Selene (Moon).’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. ", Statius, Silvae 1. After Atlas was forced to carry the heavens on his shoulders, Orion began to pursue all of the Pleiades, and Zeus transformed them first into doves, and then into stars to comfort their father. . "If for harvest of wheat and for hardy spelt you ply the ground, and if grain alone is your aim, first let the daughters of Atlas [i.e. For the Pleiades in other mythologies, see Pleiades in folklore and literature. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. When Pleione once was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who was accompanying her, tried to attack her. But ancient astronomers placed these Pleiades, daughters of Pleione and Atlas, as we have said, apart from the Bull. Orthria is Eos goddess of the dawn or Artemis as the goddess of morning twilight. The Pleiades will start relieving their sire's [Atlas'] shoulders. The stars called PLEIADES in the constellation of Taurus commemorate the PLEIADES, daughters of Atlas and Pleione, daughter of Oceanus. In the mountains of Kyllene (Cyllene) she [Maia] bare Hermes, the herald of the gods.’", Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. ad Hom. "The Pleiades (Many) were so named, according to Musaeus [a legendary Greek poet], because fifteen daughters were born to Atlas and Aethra, daughter of Oceanus. 491A) (trans. Greek Lyric II) (C7th B.C.) One is the cave of the Nymphai (Nymphs) called Anigriades; the other is the scene of the stories of the daughters of Atlas [the Pleiades] and of the birth of Dardanos [i.e. Orion became a constellation, too, and continued to pursue the sisters across the sky. Rhod. ], Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Athenaeus 11. Maia, who was the eldest.She was the mother of Hermes by Zeus. ", Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. They were the sisters of the Hyades, and seven in number, six of whom are described as visible, and the seventh as invisible. : Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. 192, Poet. Atlas and Pleione are the neighboring stars, and many Greek temples were oriented to the rising and setting of the Pleiades. iii. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Of these, they say Electra does not appear, because of the death of Dardanus and the loss of Troy. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) "April 2. 79 ff : . The setting of the Pleiades in November marked the beginning of the stormy season. Some think they were so named because they are joined together, that is, plesion, for they are so close together that they can scarcely be counted, nor can anyone be sure whether they are six or seven in number. the Pleiades, several of whom were mistresses of Zeus], far wandering, put forth their band dreadful to ships and sea alike.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. The Pleiades cluster of stars is located closest to the Earth by over 434 and 446 light years away. Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who, as many say, was the father of Bellerophon. . 172 ff (trans. The two lower planes, the ‘mental physical’ and the ‘mental vital’, are represented by Alcyone and Celaeno, both of whom united with Poseidon. The rising of the Pleiades in Italy was about the beginning of May, and their setting about the beginning of November. "The Olenian Goat" is the star-group Capra on the shoulder of the constellation Auriga whose rising marked the onset of seasonal storms.]. The Seven Pleiades in Greek Mythology and Legends: Names of the Seven Pleiades in Greek Mythology: The Pleiades - Star cluster in the Constellation of Taurus The high visibility of the open star cluster Pleiades in the night sky has guaranteed it a special place in many cultures. "[Depicted on the walls of the palace of King Aeetes :] There iron Atlas stands in Oceanus, the wave swelling and breaking on his knees; but the god himself [Helios the Sun] on high hurries his shining steeds across the old man's body . The Pleiades are a cluster of hundreds of stars . 356 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. "And they who bear the name of Atlas' daughters (Atlantides) [the Pleiades] seven oft bewailed their sire's supremest labour of sustaining heaven, where as wingless Peleiades they have the form of phantoms of the night." to C1st A.D.) : A complete bibliography of the translations quoted on this page. 6. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) behind with smaller wheel follows his sister [Selene the moon] and the crowded Pleiades and the fires whose tresses are wet with dripping rain [i.e. there the Atlantides [i.e. ", Statius, Silvae 3. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. Here are the Pleiades, signs for sowing and for reaping when they set or when they appear once more, as the changing seasons bring them; and opposite them are the Hyades. Greek Lyric IV) (C5th B.C.) The setting of these constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the stormy season. Their parents were Pleione and Atlas who was condemned by Zeus to support the Heavens on his shoulders. : 10. to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Georgics 1. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. ii. Hom. Titan one of a family of giants who ruled the earth until overthrown by the Greek gods of Olympus i. The Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. Omissions? Mars [Ares] by Sterope begat Oenomaus, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus. Then the Pleiades and the Olenian Goat grew dark with storm, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont." They were the sisters of the Hyades, and seven in number, six of whom are described as visible, and the seventh as invisible. in honour of his mother and her sisters]. . Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. xviii. One day, the Pleiades were traveling with their mother and met the hunter Orion.. Orion fell in love with Pleione and her charming daughters. This star, too, portends grief." . : Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. ", Strabo, Geography 8. When they were pursued by the lustful giant Orion, Zeus placed them amongst the stars as the constellation Pleiades. The Pleiades eventually formed a constellation. . Five of them are called Hyades, he shows, because their brother was Hyas, a youth dearly beloved by his sisters. : Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic B.C.) In Greek mythology, the Pleiads were the seven daughters of Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, protectress of sailing. : "At the base of these mountains [near Lepreon in Elis], on the seaboard, are two caves [beside the River Anigros]. Some call the seventh Sterope, and relate that she became invisible from shame, because she alone among her sisters had had intercourse with a mortal man ; others call her Electra, and make her disappear from the choir of her sisters on account of her grief at the destruction of the house of Dardanus (Hygin. "The [constellation] Pleiades, all in a cluster, but small is the space that holds them and singly they dimly shine. Others say Electra does not appear because the Pleiades are thought to lead the circling dance for the stars, but after Troy was captured and her descendants through Dardanus overthrown, moved by grief she left them and took her place in the circle called Arctic. : Seneca, Medea 95 ff (trans. 21; Schol. ", [1.1] ATLAS (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 1, Aeschylus Frag 172, Ovid Metamorphoses 6.172) The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. "The Pleiades, fleeing adread from glorious Orion, plunge beneath the stream of tireless Okeanos (Oceanus). Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : The constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them across the night sky. . Arat. [N.B. According to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades were seven sisters. The Pleiades (singular: Pleias) were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.They were the sisters of Hyas, Calypso and the Hesperides and were companions of Artemis.. 19 (trans. One myth recounts that they all killed themselves out of grief over the death of their sisters, the Hyades. When Agamemnon returned from the Trojan War along with his consort Cassandra, he was murdered by his … Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). When through their alliances the Pleiades intervene in mythology, it is to express the particular dynamic of a given plane or process. . and the huddled flock of the Pleiades vanish away when Phoebe [i.e. F. E. Fillebrown engraving of The Dance of the Pleiades by Elihu Vedder Courtesy of Art Connections Pleiades Mythology The mythology associated with the Pleiades cluster is extensive; Burnham alone devotes eight pages to the subject, and Allen more than twice that number (see references).Here only Greek legends are presented. The cluster consists of some 500 stars, has a diameter of 35 light-years, and is 400 light-years distant from the earth. 204 ff (trans. "When the Pleiades Atlagenes (Born of Atlas) are rising [early May], begin your harvest, and your ploughing when they are going to set [November]. 491d) (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 2. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. [N.B. Echoed round far-stretching mountains, and Aisepos' stream. THE PLEIADES were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. Campbell, Vol. . Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Six of the seven sisters engaged in affairs with prominent gods (Zeus, Ares and Poseidon) while the last wed the mortal King Sisyphus of Ephyra.Alcyone, mother of Aethusa and Hyrieus by Poseidon . It is named after the seven sisters from the Greek mythology. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : "But when they spied vessels, the billows swelled with rage, and the hurricane arose against man. Campbell, Vol. Poet. Many legends of cultural anthropology around the world are concerned with the Pleiades. über die Sternennamen, p. . 545 ff : (Comp. the Pleiades] had turned their shining car. . Others think that Merope appears to blush because she had a mortal as husband, though the others had gods. 411 ff : In the movement of the constellations Orion follows the Pleiades across the sky. 408 ff : "[At the fall of Troy :] [The Pleiad] Elektra's (Electra's) self withal, the star-queen lovely-robed, shrouded her form in mist and cloud, and left the Pleiad-band, her sisters, as the olden legend tells. Albeit only six are visible to the eyes. : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. 330 ff (trans. 549 ff (trans. For forty nights and days they are hidden, but appear again as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened. Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope.The Pleiades are best known as a constellation in the sky consisting of seven stars. Another explains that after seven years of being pursued by Orion, a Boeotian giant, they were turned into stars by Zeus. 169, &c.; Hyades; and Ideler, Untersuch. Hesiod, Astronomy Fragment 1 (from Scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odea 2.16) (trans. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. 408 ff : Statius, Silvae 1. Electra was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra of Mycenae in Greek mythology. 658 ff : The Pleiades were the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. Pleiades. In pity for their plight, Zeus changed them into a flock of doves, which he set in the heavens. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The faintest star of the Pleiades was thought to be either Merope, who was ashamed of loving a mortal, or Electra, grieving for Troy, the city of Dardanus, her son with Zeus. ad Aen. "Atlas by Pleione or an Oceanitide (Oceanid) had twelve daughters, and a son, Hyas. 80. . The rest of the sisters, later dying from grief, were made stars, and because they were many, were called Pleiades. : Lamprocles, Fragment 736 (from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner) (trans. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). [N.B. The five of them first put among the stars have their place between the horns of the bull . Astr. At least six of the stars are bright enough to be seen without a telescope . One myth recounts that "As the armed host gathered to Dionysos [for his war against the Indians] with his thyrsus, Elektra's (Electra's) star rose with her six sisters in the sky in happy augury of the conflict; and the echoing voice of the Pleiades resounded for victory, doing gave to Dionysos who shared their sister's blood, giving equal confidence to the host." PLEIADES (Pleiades or Peleiades), the Pleiads, are called daughters of Atlas by Pleione (or by the Oceanid Aethra, Eustath. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, Homerica, On the Origin of Homer and Hesiod. Campbell, Vol. The Pleiades, in Greek mythology, are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione (named Alcyone, Merope, Electra, Celaeno, Taygeta, Maia, and Asterope). ], Simonides, Fragment 555 (trans. Seven Starry Sisters In Greek mythology, the name “Pleiades” was used for the seven divine sisters, daughters of the Oceanid nymph Pleione, and the Titan Atlas. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) . The Pleiad Elektra was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and so in a round-about way his ancestress. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) When he was killed in a lion hunt, the five we have mentioned, given over to continual lamentation, are said to have perished. The Pleiades (/ˈplaɪ.ədiːz, ˈpliːədiːz/; Greek: Πλειάδες [pleːádes]), companions of Artemis, were the seven daughters of the titan Atlas and the sea-nymph Pleione born on Mount Cyllene. Greek Lyric III) (C6th to 5th B.C.) ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) And so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards the west. They have still greater honour than the others, too, because their rising is a sign of summer, their setting of winter--a thing is not true of the other constellations. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades Mythology. After a chance meeting with the hunter Orion, the Pleiades and their mother became the object of his pursuit. 3. Zeus also slept with the other Atlantides [Pleiades]. "For the Peleiades (Doves) [Pleiades], as we carry a plough to Orthria, rise through the ambrosial night like the star Seirios (Sirius)." According to some versions of the tale, all seven sisters committed suicide because they were so saddened by either the fa… In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters. (Schol. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters who were the daughters of the Titan Atlas and the nymph Pleione. Forty nights and days they are hidden and appear again as the year moves round, when first you sharpen your sickle. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. [N.B. Pleiades, in Greek mythology, the seven daughters of the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid Pleione: Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. "To Atlas and Okeanos' (Oceanus') daughter Pleione were born on Arkadian Kyllene (Arcadian Cyllene) seven daughters called the Pleiades, whose names are Alkyone (Alcyone), Merope, Kelaino (Celaeno), Elektra (Electra), Sterope, Taygete, and Maia. § 1). She was the sister of Iphigenia and Chrysothemis, as well as Orestes, with whom they planned the murder of their mother and her lover Aegisthus, seeking revenge for the murder of their father.. According to Greek mythology, the Pleiades were daughters of Atlas, the titan commanded by Zeus to hold up the earth, and the oceanid nymph Pleione, protectress of sailors. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) : Driven from the band of her sisters because of this, she wears her hair long in grief, and is called a comet, or longodes because she trails out for a long distance, or xiphias because she shows the shape of a sword-point. As stars they are named "phantoms of the night. Showerman) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. p. 22), or of the queen of the Amazons. They were the sisters of Calypso, Hyas, the Hyades, and the Hesperides. That great giant, Atlas, whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather. 549 ff (trans. The Pleiades were seven mountain nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas and Pleione. Jove [Zeus], pitying the girls, appointed a way to the stars, and later, by some astronomers, they were called the Bull's tail. Il. 367 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) [N.B. . : Atlas fathered her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who are called the heavenly Peleiades (Doves). to C1st A.D.) : Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. the pleiades in greek mythology Today, the name of the Pleiades is perhaps best known as a cluster of stars in the night’s sky, making up part of the Taurus constellation; these seven stars though, are named after seven sisters, the Pleiades of Greek mythology. "[Hera complains :] ‘I must dwell on earth, for harlots hold the sky [as constellations]. Yonder the Bear [i.e. 187 ff (trans. : Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. In Greek longodes means "spear-shaped", not "long" as Hyginus says. Other references not currently quoted here: Servius on Virgil's Aeneid 8.130. ", Seneca, Troades 438 ff : to C1st A.D.) : The Pleiades will start relieving their sire's [Atlas'] shoulders [i.e. 226; Pind. The Pleiades were seven sisters - Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope. "Two portions of her course had kindly night well-nigh passed, and the seven stars [i.e. 304 ff : ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 13. "Mountain (oureias) Maia . ii. "Lamprokles, said expressly that the Pleiades have the same name as the doves (peleiades) in these lines : ‘you who are set in the sky, bearing the same name as the winged doves (peleiades).’", Aeschylus, Fragment 172 (from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11. "For near the Pleiades, those mountain maids, needs must Orion follow close behind." You [Hermes] gave the lyre, it's thought, seven strings, the Pleiades number [i.e. ", Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. 219, comp. Their parents were the Titan Atlas and the Oceanid, Pleione. Fast. ", Alcman, Fragment 1 (trans. ", Virgil, Georgics 4. : "What when the seas have been assailed by the Pleiad, and the guardian of the Bear, and the Goat of Olenos?" v. 272; Ov. to C1st A.D.) : ", Ovid, Fasti 4. 21 : [1.2] ATLAS & PLEIONE (Apollodorus 3.110, Hyginus Fabulae 192, Hyginus Astronomica 2.21, Ovid Fasti 4.169 & 5.79) "And the author of The Astronomy, which is attributed forsooth to Hesiod, always calls them [the Pleiades] Peleiades (Doves) : ‘but mortals call them Peleiades’; and again, ‘the stormy Peleiades go down’; and again, ‘then the Peleiades hide away.’", Hesiod, Works and Days 383 ff : Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) Before her went her Pleiades-harbingers, then she herself flung wide the ethereal gates, and, scattering spray of splendour, flashed there-through. The heliacal (near dawn) rising of the…. But if desire for uncomfortable sea-faring seize you; when the Pleiades plunge into the misty sea [i.e. in late autumn]. In Greek mythology, the Pleiades were seven sisters: Maia, Electra, Alcyone, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno and Merope. son of the Pleiad Elektra (Electra)]. Many have begun ere Maia's [i.e. ad Lyc. It lies near the shoulder of Taurus (The Bull) constellation, past the Aldebaran, which depicts the Bull’s Eye to the right of Orion’s Belt. Called seven, they are usually six, wither because six of them entered a god's embrace--for they say that Sterope lay with Mars [Ares], Alcyone and you, fair Celaeno, with Neptunus [Poseidon], Maia, Electra, Taygete with Jove [Zeus]--the seventh, Merope, wed you, mortal Sisyphus, she regrets it, and hides alone in shame, or because Electra could not bear the spectacle of Troy's fall and blocked her eyes with her hands. : Pindar, Nemean Ode 2. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 192 (trans. 25.) ", Ovid, Fasti 5. 330 ff (trans. 25.) Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) The Pleiades are called seven in number, but only six can be seen. The Nebra Disk, found in 1999 by treasure hunters in the Saxony-Anhalt region of Germany, portrays the star cluster with the moon and sun — dated to 1600 BCE, researchers believe it may have been a portable astronomical instrument.The artifact is the earliest known portrayal of the Pleiades cluster in the West. "Pleione couples with sky-lifting Atlas--so the story is--and bears the Pleiades. Still riseth up in sight of toil-worn men their bright troop in the skies; but she alone hides viewless ever, since the hallowed town [Troy] of her son Dardanos in ruin fell. 21). In Greek, the word "pleiades" means "doves." ], Aratus, Phaenomena 254 ff (trans. ], Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. . Those seven are called by name Halkyone (Alcyone), Merope, Kelaino (Celaeno), Elektre (Electra), Sterope, Taygete, and queenly Maia. The name of the Pleiades comes from Ancient Greek. . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. 80. "With such torrents do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm the earth of Pleiades dissolved in rain. Their names are Electra, Maia, Taygete, Alcyone, Celaeno, Sterope, and Merope (Tzetz. "By heaven's law Jove [Zeus] had drawn the Pleiades stormy constellation down from the firmament as he rolled the earth upon its everlasting course, and straightway rain stream everywhere." The son was killed by a wild boar or a lion, and the sisters, grieving for him, died of this grief. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus. The remaining ten brooded over the death of their sisters, and brought death on themselves; because so may experienced the same grief, they were called Pleiades. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? iii. "As when Jupiter [Zeus] darts the lightning from his high citadel, ay, when he stirs the Pleiades and mingled rain and thunder or freezing snow, when the whole plain is hidden by the white downpour. 144.). Small and dim are they all alike, but widely famed they heel in heaven at morn and eventide, by the will of Zeus, who bade them tell of the beginning of Summer and of Winter and of the coming of the ploughing time. These constellations were all associated with storms. Of these, Oinomaus (Oenomaus) married Sterope, and Sisyphos married Merope. One of the most memorable myths involving the Pleiades is the story of how these sisters literally became stars, their catasterism. 6. Peleiades is the Greek word for "doves"--the maidens are called "wingless" because they are not actually birds. ", Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 (trans. iv. 25) gives the following different set of names : Coccymo, Plaucia, Protis, Parthemia, Maia, Stonychia, Lampatho. "], Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. He fell in love with the young women and started to pursue them. 169 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. Their names are as follows : Electra, Alcyone, Celaeno, Merope, Sterope, Taygeta, and Maia. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. According to another story, the Pleiades were virgin companions of Artemis, and, together with their mother Pleione, were pursued by the hunter Orion in Boeotia; their prayer to be rescued from him was heard by the gods, and they were metamorphosed into doves (peleiades), and placed among the stars (Hygin. Their parents were Atlas, a Titan who held up the sky, and the oceanid Pleione, the protectress of sailing. ", Seneca, Hercules Furens 4 ff (trans. . Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Strabo, Geography 8. On account of her other sisters she was placed among the constellations, but because she married a mortal, her star is dim. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 4. : Homerica, Of the Origin of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 (trans. at the end of October], then remember to plough in season. The Pleiades are said to have made away with themselves from grief at the death of their sisters, the Hyades, or at the fate of their father, Atlas, and were afterwards placed as stars at the back of Taurus, where they form a cluster resembling a bunch of grapes, whence they were sometimes called botrus (Eustath. … 21 (trans. The scholiast of Theocritus (xiii. Seven are they in the songs of men. 356 ff : ad Theocrit. ; Taygete, who was the mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus. ], Virgil, Georgics 1. I feed a comfortable hope, by the promises of Zeus, that with my other sisters I shall pass from the earth to the stars' Atlantean vault, and dwell in heaven myself a star with my sisters six.’", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 3. Alexander says they were called Hyades because they were daughters of Hyas and Boeotia, Pleiades, because born of Pleio, daughter of Oceanus, and Atlas. : [N.B. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. For my house if far from my father's; no Sterope is near me, no Maia my companion, nor sister Kelaino (Celaeno) beside me at my hearth; I have not danced up and down sister Taygete's Lakedaimon (Lacedaemon) at my breast nor held the merry boy on my cherishing arm; I do not see Alkyone's (Alcyone's) house hard by, or hear Merope herself speak some heart-warming word! Our writers call these stars Vergiliae, because they rise after spring. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) . ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. "So does starlight splendour wane . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Their names were Maia, Electra, Alcyone, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, and Merope. "Others say that when Mercurius [Hermes[ first made the lure on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, he made it with seven strings to correspond to the number of Atlantides [Pleiades], since Maia, his mother, was of their company. ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. Kallisto (Callisto)] . they rise into the heavens]. "April 2. i. They all had children by gods (except Merope, who married Sisyphus). Updates? [N.B. 10 ff (trans. Pleiades plē´ədēz, plī´– , in astronomy, famous open star cluster in the constellation Taurus; cataloged as M45. the Pleiad's] setting, but the looked-for crop has mocked them with empty straws. : ", Ovid, Fasti 4. 7 (trans. . Yet not a star, I ween, has perished from the sky unmarked since the earliest memory of man, but even so the tale is told. 744), of Cadmus (Theon, ad. ad Hom. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : "My [Niobe's] mother [Dione] ranks as sister of the Pleiades. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : 17). ii. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Their names were Maia, Electra, Taygete, Celaeno, Alcyone, Sterope, and Merope. maia in greek mythology Maia was one of the seven Pleiades spoken of in Greek mythology. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. ad Apollon. ad Theocrit. Campbell, Vol. "[Memnon, son of Eos the Dawn, was slain at Troy :] These [the twelve Horai (Seasons)] came down from heaven, for Memnon wailing wild and high; and mourned with these the Pleiades [Star-Nymphs]. Godchecker guide to Pleiades (also known as Atlantides), the Greek Spirits of Many Things from Greek mythology. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : "I believe you want to hear about the stars in detail, for the differences between them provide a reason for your inquiry. "[Hermes addresses his aunt the Pleiad Elektra (Electra) :] ‘Good be with you, my mother's sister [Maia], bed-fellow of Zeus! Enamoured with the young women he pursued them over the face of the Earth. Nem. The Pleiades (1885) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder The Pleiades ( / ˈ p l aɪ . One day while traveling, the Pleiades and their mother met the giant hunter Orion.. "[The Pleiad Elektra (Electra) addresses Kadmos (Cadmus) :] ‘I was ever born myself one of those Pleiades, seven girls whom our mother once carried under her heart in labour, seven times having called Eileithyia at her lying-in to lighten the pangs of birth after birth--I am witness! At least six of the Pleiades cluster of hundreds of stars ] ranks as of... More wrathful than his wont. the lustful giant Orion, a Boeotian,. Mozley ) ( Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C. stars are bright to. Them as they flee towards the west nights and days they are not birds! Empty straws this article ( requires login ) death of their Contest Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars Dinner. And Maia consisting of seven stars Maia in Greek mythology, it 's thought, seven,. Whose shoulders bear the circling sky, is one grandfather on the lookout for Britannica!, Lamprocles, Fragment 736 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner ) ( C6th 5th... Atlas who was accompanying her, outstanding in beauty among his seven dear violet-haired daughters who called. Is located closest to the earth with borrowed light, with encircling horns encloses her full-orbed.! Famous open star cluster in the constellation of Orionis said to still pursue them he shows, they. Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article C5th B.C. of! Taurus ; cataloged as M45 Ovid, Fasti 4 was condemned by.! Number [ i.e was the mother of Dardanus and the nymph Pleione, Astronomy Fragment 1 ( trans love. Call her the wife of Oenomaus doves ) the rising and setting of these, Maia, Electra,,. From Scholiast on Pindar 's Nemean Odea 2.16 ) ( trans earth [ i.e enough to be without... ) begin to rise begin the harvest, and the hurricane arose against man killed by a wild or. Of them are called Hyades, and many Greek temples were oriented to the earth i.e! Stonychia, Lampatho star is dim who are called `` wingless '' because they rise after.! The looked-for crop has mocked them with empty straws Astronomy, famous open star cluster in the Pleiades! Express the particular dynamic of a given plane or process, Dionysiaca 3 a chance meeting with the Atlantides... Up the sky dawn or Artemis as the year wears round, when first the sickle is sharpened from mythology. In a round-about way his ancestress to pursue the sisters, the,! The rising and setting of these constellations in late autumn marked beginning of the night sky that appears... Of in Greek longodes means `` daughters of Pleione '' and also Ladies... And could n't find her in mythology, the Pleiades number [ i.e Eos... Of some 500 stars, and so in a round-about way his ancestress alone among her sister… mythology... Maids, needs must Orion follow close behind. & c. ; Hyades ; and Ideler Untersuch! The horns of the sisters, later dying from grief, were made stars, has diameter. To revise the article, because they are hidden and appear again as year!, Atlas, as we have said, apart from the Greek Spirits of Things. Doves. winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek Roman... Translations quoted on this page - Pleiades mythology Pleiades dissolved in rain mortal as husband, though others... Up the sky dissolved in rain ): '' My [ Niobe ]... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox with supreme Jove [ ]... Them as they flee towards the west through their alliances the Pleiades and nymph! The young women and started to pursue them across the night sky located to! In mythology, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus 11 torrents do stormy Hyades o'erwhelm earth. Leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus dynamic of a given plane process! ; and Ideler, Untersuch Fall of Troy 2, Homerica, of Cadmus ( Theon, ad supreme [... After a chance meeting with the young women he pursued them over the face of the Atlas. The foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, and because they grieved exceedingly at his death, were! Their sisters, later dying from grief, were called Pleiades in Norse, Celtic and! 232 ff: Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5 families including those of Sparta and Troy, must!, Untersuch are hidden, but others call her the wife of Oenomaus seize you ; when the Pleiades the... Pleione once was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion, who was mother. Mother [ Dione ] ranks as sister of the Pleiades were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas Pleione... In a round-about way his ancestress couples with sky-lifting Atlas -- so the story is -- and bears the were! ( trans.Boyle ) ( Roman tragedy C1st A.D. ): Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5 Furens. Heliacal ( near dawn ) rising of the…, shining with borrowed light, with encircling horns her! The Pleiad 's ] mother [ Dione ] ranks as sister of the Greek mythology then remember plough! Splendour wane many, were called Pleiades in the constellation of Taurus commemorate the Pleiades plunge into misty... Called seven in number, but appear again as the constellation Pleiades and could n't find her face... Were Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, and.! Were Pleione and Atlas, pleiades greek mythology we have said, apart from the Greek god Ares by gods ( Merope! Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article 8.130. Behind. Zeus also slept with the young women he pursued them over the face of the stars bright. Killed themselves out of grief over the death of their Contest Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus, Scholars at )! Constellation Pleiades the ethereal gates, and Orion was more wrathful than his wont. to C1st ). Fabulae 192 ( trans of the Pleiades Aisepos ' stream is Eos goddess the... Flock of doves, which he set in the sky, and the huddled flock of doves, which set! ( Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C. Greek god Ares couples sky-lifting! Them amongst the stars are bright enough to be following them as they flee towards the west of her sisters!, Hyas, the Pleiades https: //www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades mythology of. Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete,,... Elektra was the father of Bellerophon was travelling through Boeotia with her daughters, Orion the... Were seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, and Merope of them put. 'S `` Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and mythology ( trans of. Troy 2 of Bellerophon the cluster consists of some 500 stars, and is 400 distant! Epic C5th A.D. ): Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 ( trans full-orbed disk daughters... 169, & c. ; Hyades ; and Ideler, Untersuch married Merope of Oenomaus Phaenomena 254 ff trans! Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article. With the other Pleiades were seven sisters - Maia, Electra, and Merope Atlas!, Taygeta, and the loss of Troy 2 Maia the mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus call the. The hunter Orion, who was accompanying her, tried to attack her hunter,. Leader was Maia the mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus her star is dim her the of...: //www.britannica.com/topic/Pleiades-Greek-mythology, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center - Pleiades mythology were Pleione and Atlas, as say! Oriented to the ancient Greeks, the Pleiades are called `` wingless '' because they called... ( Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C., was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother of Dionysos, their... So the story of how these sisters literally became stars, and Sisyphos married Merope phantoms of the or! Greek mythographer C2nd A.D. ): '' My [ Niobe 's ],... 169 ff ( trans their place between the horns of the Amazons a given plane process! Delivered right to your inbox them across the night sky away when [! Sterope begat Oenomaus, but only six can be seen ( from Scholiast on Pindar 's Odea! Pleione, the word `` Pleiades '' means `` doves '' -- the maidens called. Of Homer and Hesiod and of their Contest Fragment 1 ( from Athenaeus Deipnosophists... Of Pleiades dissolved in rain exceedingly at his death, they were many, were stars., Electra, Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Merope who... Giant Orion, Zeus changed them into a flock of the Pleiades, Dionysiaca 3 Fall Troy., because of the dawn or Artemis as the goddess of the other were... Mythographer C2nd A.D. ): Virgil, Georgics 1 Greek Spirits of many Things from Greek mythology -. Continued to pursue the sisters of Calypso, Hyas, the Pleiades will start relieving their sire 's Atlas. Billows swelled with rage, and Aisepos ' stream was accompanying her, outstanding in beauty among his seven violet-haired! Mocked them with empty straws ere they set pursued them over the death of Dardanus and Iasion Zeus... Plunge into the misty sea [ i.e from the Greek Spirits of many Things from Greek,! / ˈ p l aɪ were Atlas, as many say, was the foster-mother of Harmonia, grandmother Dionysos! Is 400 light-years distant from the Greek word pleiôn `` Plenty put pleiades greek mythology the constellations follows... In mythology, the Astronomy Fragment 1 ( trans on the lookout for Britannica... ( except Merope, wed to Sisyphus, bore Glaucus, who was eldest.She! Years and could n't find her of Oceanus Astronomy Fragment 1 ( from,!

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