public health issues in nigeria 2019

Post author By Nigeria Health Watch; Post date December 4, 2020; No Comments on Top Ten News Items on Health, 4th December 2020; How to ensure no woman dies giving birth in Nigeria. For example, Nigeria is one of the three countries in the world that is yet to eradicate the polio virus and this is because of the inefficient public health system in North-Eastern region. HIV/AIDS is another public health concern although the response of international agencies and the Nigerian Government has greatly reduced the prevalence of this disease. Currently, the prevalence rate is relatively low in the country with just a little over 3 million people in the country reportedly living with AIDS. Another NTD, schistosomiasis has infected over 25 million school-aged children with less than 10 million of these children gaining access to treatment. 2019 - 2021: National Health Policy (2016) Nigeria Health Financing Policy & Strategy : National Health Promotion Policy : The Green Dot Brand Guideline : Nigeria Essential Medicines List 6th Edition 2018 : First National Survey On Drug Use & Health The COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The first confirmed case in Nigeria was announced on 27 February 2020, when an Italian citizen in Lagos tested positive for the virus. Facts, resources and information on major public health issues for public health professionals, ... 2 September 2019. Check out the latest sonus complete reviews if you are trying to treat hearing loss conditions. Introduction. The HIV/AIDS pandemic, which has already left at least 930,000 children orphaned, and the high rates of maternal death and disability, are outstanding public health issues in Nigeria [4]. 0000040727 00000 n Notify me of follow-up comments by email. And this starts from the most basic level which is the primary healthcare system. As we move into 2019 and beyond, this is one global health issue that will affect us all. (Abuja, November 11, 2019) – Thousands of people with mental health conditions across Nigeria are chained and locked up in various facilities where … 0000015290 00000 n However, it hasn’t always been all success for the system, there have also been some major issues with public health in Nigeria and in this post; we will look at the system from both angles. 0000010681 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� Nigerian Institute of Medical Research. Roadmap for Action. The aim of the journal is to move public health discourse from the background to the forefront. There is a very high risk of infectious and parasitic diseases, including bacterial diarrhea, typhoid fever, hepatitis A, yellow fever, malaria, and meningitis in Nigeria. In 2016, Nigeria had the highest out of fifteen countries who accounted for 80% of global malaria deaths with approximately 51 million cases and 207,000 deaths reported annually. Related: Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: shaping the health of nations for centuries to come, 2018 report Related: Study Warns of Cascading Health Risks from the Changing Climate What global health issues are you watching this year? This special issue aims to explore and highlight potential ethical and governance matters that artificial intelligence applications are raising in public health. The responsibility for managing health issues including health promotion in Nigeria is domiciled with the Federal Ministry of Health which discharges this mandate through several departments and agencies saddled with specific duties and responsibilities. Five takeaways of the 69th World Health Assembly from a Nigerian Perspective {Still on Masters in Public Health in Nigeria MPH in Nigeria …} However, before you sit for this exams, you have to have at least 5 years experience working in a public health-related field like. This means that an estimated 30% of the total malaria burden in Africa can be traced to Nigeria. Nigeria is currently working with the WHO to develop and implement comprehensive policies and strategies for the management of the major NCDs. The history of public health has been a history of humanity's battle with disease and premature death. The major public health challenges Nigeria faces are infectious diseases, sewage disposal, health insurance, water supply, air pollution, noise pollution, environmental radiation, housing, solid waste disposal, disaster management, control of vector some diseases, doctor-population ratio, population-bed ratio, population per health facility, payment system/methods, utilization of care, access to care, … Typically, the response to disease outbreak in Nigeria has been the combined effort of the Nigerian Government and international donor agencies. For example, in 2014, the swift public health response to the Ebola outbreak was responsible for containing this deadly epidemic. Early in 2018, there were reported cases of Lassa fever in states like Bauchi, Gombe, Plateau and Rivers state. 1 Dec 2015 Nigeria Industrial Revolution 2019. The major cause of HIV/AIDS has been traced to unprotected heterosexual sex which accounts for 80% of new HIV infections in Nigeria, with the majority of remaining HIV infections occurring in key affected populations such as sex workers. xref CDC partners in Nigeria with government and parastatal agencies, private institutions, universities and non-governmental organizations to improve the country’s public health foundation, to prevent transmission of HIV, to provide care and treatment for those who are already infected with HIV, and to strengthen laboratory capacity. startxref Added 5 case studies to the whole systems approach to … Unfortunately, the inadequate programs designed to address these health problems in Nigeria have led to the little improvement in health status of the populace. Good Health is important for the development of any country in the world. In November 2018, it was reported that there was an outbreak of yellow fever in Edo state, however, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) and World Health Organisation (WHO) have been working round the clock to prevent the spread of this disease. Nigeria. Information Technology has made a substantial inroad into Nigerian society, particularly since the late 1980s. This is indeed a priceless information. However, this accounts for the second largest epidemic in the world. Thus, it is up to people to do everything possible to reduce its harmful influence and improve the state of the environment. 0000010125 00000 n Read Also: Problems of Nigeria Health Sector and Possible Solutions. 0000001340 00000 n Established in 1977, the Nigeria Institute of Medical Research conducts research in diseases of public health importance in Nigeria. These include poverty, globalization, trade, education, urbanization, climate change, employment conditions and gender disparities among others. 76 0 obj <>stream But beyond these, there is a need for the government to protect against these threats by installing strong public health infrastructures and health-care systems. On 9 March 2020, a second case of the virus was reported in Ewekoro, Ogun … The United Nations have seventeen sustainable development goals, of which number three is “ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all age”. Environmental and Public Health Issues in Nigeria. 0000031824 00000 n The Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, academic journal that focuses on health issues in the African continent. It is estimated by the WHO, that deaths from NCDs are likely to increase globally by 17% over the next 10 years. 0000005039 00000 n 0000000856 00000 n The country has the second largest number of people living with HIV globally and accounts for nine percent of the global HIV burden. The major risk factors for the predominant NCDs are tobacco use; physical inactivity; harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diet. 0 The U.S. Government, through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), currently assists more than 600,000 Nigerians with life-saving HIV therapy, which is 90 percent of the people living with HIV/AIDS in country. 0000002368 00000 n 0000014061 00000 n Malaria has been a public health problem for several decades in Nigeria. Learn more about the history of and the organizational patterns and progress in public health. However, the launch of a new health policy in 2016 seems to be changing things for the better. Currently, the major public health challenges in the country are infectious diseases, control of vector some diseases, maternal mortality, infant mortality, poor sanitation and hygiene, disease surveillance, non-communicable diseases and road traffic injuries among others. The major cause of HIV/AIDS has been traced to unprotected heterosexual sex which accounts for 80% of new HIV infections in Nigeria, with the majority of remaining HIV infections occurring in key affected populations such as sex workers. Contact. April 17, 2019. Over the years, the public health system in Nigeria has had some landmark achievements. Nigeria Healthcare System – The Good and the Bad. 0000002516 00000 n The coverage for lymphatic filariasis in Nigeria increased from 50% in 2015 to 54% in 2016 with over 123 million people needing treatment. Public health in Nigeria is run by three tiers of the government. By 2030, if Nigeria is to reduce maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100, 000 live births (SDG goal 3 – target 1), all hands must be on deck to achieve it. The environmental and health standards of Nigeria are in a bad state. The National health insurance scheme NHIS took off in 2005. 0000011173 00000 n Top 10 Health News. Activities focus on expanding programs that prevent transmission to the most at risk populations, while also stopping the high rate of mother to chil… These diseases are typically long duration and generally slow progression. READ ALSO: Environmental pollution in Nigeria: issues and solutions. Malaria is the most significant public health problem in Nigeria. 0000007335 00000 n These risk factors are driven by social and economic determinants that exist outside the domain of the health sector. The Bulletin of the World Health Organization will publish a theme issue on new ethical challenges of digital technologies, machine learning and artificial intelligence in public health. However, the number of cases has been declining thanks to the prompt response of the Nigerian Government and that of donor agencies. Diarrheal diseases are the most common illnesses resulting from the consumption of contaminated food, causing 550 million people to fall ill and 230,000 deaths every year [ 3 ]. trailer Public health, the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health, sanitation, personal hygiene, control of infectious disease, and organization of health services. The economic cost of malaria, arising from cost of treatment, loss of productivity and earning due to days lost from illness, may be as high as 1.3% of economic growth per annum. Accelerated Reduction of Maternal and Newborn Mortality in Nigeria. Also, the treatment coverage for onchocerciasis in Nigeria decreased from 74% in 2015 to 67% in 2016 with over 53.1 million people needing treatment. 0000009588 00000 n 0000008470 00000 n One of the mainstays of a robust public health system is the presence of a functioning healthcare system. 49 28 There are four main types of noncommunicable diseases: cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. Malaria; Malaria has been a … 0000017939 00000 n A study published in 2019 investigated the competency of emergency obstetric care among health providers and found it lower than average. In addition, public health officials still have to deal with the stigma of AIDS that persists in most African countries, and that is a huge barrier to gathering people tested for the infection. <<85C31DE4E71A4349B967B282010A8499>]/Prev 292821>> Also, providing timely data to the Expanded Special Project for the Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN) is mandatory to enable monitoring and planning. Allan Kellehear, in International Encyclopedia of Public Health (Second Edition), 2017. The cost of health care and perceived low quality of care by the public have been argued to be the reason for the poor utilisation of maternal and child health services in Nigeria. It is, however, already being applied in the health sector. 0000002403 00000 n 0000040141 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n In fact, eradicating infectious diseases has been difficult in the North. For instance, in the Northeastern part of the country, the Boko Haram insurgency which has reportedly displaced over 2 million Nigerians coupled with the non functioning health infrastructures in this region has made health care delivery difficult. Most mental neurological diseases are caused by nerve damage, treat them with nerve control 911. In 2015, they were responsible for over 80% of premature in low and middle-income countries like Nigeria. 0000040104 00000 n In 2016, it was revealed that 66.6 million people received treatment for an NTD in Nigeria while 62.4 million people in need did not receive treatment for NTD in that same year. 2013 Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria. 0000012399 00000 n Top Ten News Items on Health, 4th December 2020. … This boils down to health security. 0000006200 00000 n 0000011757 00000 n 0000011840 00000 n Сurrent health issues in Nigeria. Nigeria has one of the most complicated healthcare systems in the continent. However, there are some parts of the country where the system is facing numerous challenges. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health-related issues, reviews, comments and more. Children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the food borne disease burden, with 125,000 deaths every year. h�b```b``>�����z�A�X��,;XYq�. Tag: current health issues in Nigeria. The awareness of the Nigerian public about mental health issues and topics is also very sad. Nigeria has more reported cases of malaria and deaths due to malaria than any other country in the world and currently account for around 29% of global malaria burden. The Nigerian Government and donor agencies have been actively involved in managing the malaria epidemic with subsidized treatment and increasing access to this treatment. NCDs are also known as chronic diseases. Public Health Careers Salaries In Nigeria. Environmental pollution in Nigeria is a human-made problem. Nigeria has one of the largest stocks of human resources for health (HRH) in Africa but, like the other 57 HRH crisis countries, has densities of nurses, midwives and doctors that are still too low to effectively deliver essential health services (1.95 per 1,000). It is an analysis and synthesis of the professional literature surrounding maternal mortality in Nigeria and a review of articles in CINAHL, Health Source, Medline in EBSCO, including PubMed, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, 2000–2015, analyzed and sorted into themes. In terms of solving this health concern, there is the need to increase the budgetary allocation for NTDs at the national level. Latest Health Jobs In Nigeria Published On 3rd December 2020 ; Latest Health Jobs In Nigeria Published On 26th November 2020 ; Latest Health Jobs In Nigeria Published On 19th November 2020 ; Events. It has also been revealed that 97 % of the total population (approximately 173 million) is at risk of infection. ... A Waliu March 8, 2019. 0000001229 00000 n [21-24] In addition, health spending in Nigeria is low [25] and this is responsible for the over-reliance on out of pocket payments for health care services. The disease is a major cause of … Let’s take a look at some of these predominant challenges and the response the government has provided in stemming the tide of these diseases. 0. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Health spending NGN bn 2019 2020 2021 3,709.120 1,190.71 3,988.283 1,329.779 4284.469 1,477.77 ... inadequacies of the public health system as well as help relieve funding pressures. %%EOF NTDs include diseases like filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, trachoma and soil transmitted helminthes. What solutions can be offered to reduce pollution in Nigeria 6, Edmund crescent off Murtala Mohammed way, P.M.B. Currently, NCDs represent the leading cause of death globally. The Federal government is responsible for coordinating affairs in Federal Medical Centers and University Teaching Hospitals. When it comes to infectious diseases, the public health system in Nigeria has been able to contain most cases. 49 0 obj <> endobj The treatment coverage has been fluctuating over the last few years with regards to NTDs. 0000003802 00000 n 0000024645 00000 n Categories. Malaria in Nigeria has a particular distribution and is found everywhere. 0000013037 00000 n Public Health in Nigeria: A General Overview, Nigeria’s Life Expectancy: 4 Reasons Why It’s So Low, Hospitals in Nigeria: 5 Best Private Hospitals in Nigeria, Lassa Fever in Nigeria: Outbreaks & Preventive Solutions. Of death globally also been revealed that 97 % of the global HIV burden were reported cases of fever... And donor agencies significant public health concern although the response of international agencies and the.... 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