A single cup can be made by pouring one cup of boiling water over 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a tea infuser or strainer. Interspecific relationships in the genus, "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. Monarda grows best in full sun but tolerates light shade, and will thrive in any moist soil that is rich in organic matter such as manure, compost, or leaf mold. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Scora, R. W. 1967. For bareroot varieties, plant with the old stems pointing up. "Labiatae". Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea. Bee Balm herb is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. Bergamot bears a dozen or more tubularshaped flowers clustered in pom-pom shaped whorls atop strong, square stems with pairs of oval, hairy leaves 3 1/4 in. The leaves of Bee Balm are usually a darker shade of green and they are slightly broader than those of Wild Bergamot. Fresh flowers are edible and can be used in salads or as garnishes. Genus. Native Americans made use of monarda's essential healing oils, and spotted bee balm … While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to prevent excessive flatulence. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple and white. Monarda species include annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Common Name. 1. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. Also known as the “bergamot,” the bee balm flowers produce a citrus scent that’s similar to what you might expect when cutting up a bergamot orange. To create a mock-Earl Gray tea, steep 2 tablespoons of dried Monarda flowers with a good black tea for 5-7 minutes. The name “bergamot” derives from the scent of the plant’s flower, leaves and roots that resemble Bergamot Orange, Citrus bergamia, the source of bergamot oil used to flavor Earl Grey tea. In 2008 while I was in the Army my brother and I decided to talk to my mother about switching to medical cannabis. Other known names of this plant are Monarda, wild bergamot, horsemint, and Oswego tea. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing, aromatic herbal tea. It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda&oldid=985937729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. Monarda blooms in the full sun. The Epicentre is about herbs and spices, the spice trade, cooking with spices, recipes and health benefits of spice. It’s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s); Like other members of the mint family, Bee Balm can become invasive, but you can keep your clump contained by dividing the roots in either spring or fall. Monarda, commonly called bee balm or bergamot, is also known by the names oswego tea and horsemint. Some bees pollinate them, but primarily it is butterflies and humming birds, or humming bird moths. Bee Balm is another name for Horsemint. Use flowers and leaves in recipes for chicken, turkey, and pork dishes. Legal Status. Geographical area where Bee Balm grows. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. The plants are well known to attract butterflies and bees. The whole plant is valuable for medicinal purposes. One of the most important things to know about bee balm is that they are vigorous plants.  An infusion of crushed, boiled Monarda has been used to treat headache and fever. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm. These beautiful native perennials can grow several feet tall, and serve valuable nectar to butterflies and hummingbirds. It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers crowded into dense, globular, terminal flowerheads (to 3-4 across) somewhat resembling unkempt mo… The genus is endemic to North America. Plants growing in partial shade spread horizontally and produce fewer flowers. Here’s how to plant and grow bee balm in your garden! Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Bee balm was traditionally used by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game, particularly birds. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. (8 cm) long and 3/4 in. Earl Grey tea is flavored with the rind of citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange. Poultices and compresses are used for skin infections or bruises. The resplendent flowers range from pink and mauve to a rich, vibrant red in the case of the most popular ‘Cambridge scarlet’ variety. It’s lovely in the jar and carries a light honey flavor with minty undertones. Harley, R. M., et al. Bergamot was identified in the sixteenth century by the Spanish medical botanist Nicolas de Monardes, whose name is used to identify this genus of plants. Bee balm spreads by rhizomes, or underground stems, which makes them easy to split and divide. 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